Army Fielding Robo Jeeps in A’Stan

In case you didn’t see this, Army is set to send four of Lockheed’s Squad Mission Support System (SMSS) robot jeeps to Afghanistan where they’ll haul supplies for troops. The trucks are being sent there as part of a test program to see just how useful robot cargo trucks can be. The 11-foot long trucks can carry a half a ton of supplies for  up to 125 miles after being delivered to the field in a CH-47 or CH-53 helo.

The SMSS can either lock on to and follow the 3D profile of a soldier using its on-board sensors or it can use GPS to navigate along a pre-programmed route. Oh, and yes, there’s still the option for a man to hop in and drive it.

Besides the obvious benefit of reducing the load carried by an infantryman (giving him more mobility and energy) the little trucks could be the first step toward reducing the number of humans needed to ressuply bases. As many of you know, the military has taken to airlifting supplies to remote bases in an effort to take convoys of manned trucks off the road where they are vulnerable to ambushes and IED attacks. However, in time, it may be possible to use robo-trucks to resupply bases.

From a Lockheed announcement:

The largest autonomous vehicle ever to be deployed with infantry, the 11-foot-long SMSS can carry more than half-a-ton of a squad’s equipment on rugged terrain, easing the individual soldier’s burden, which can often exceed 100 pounds.

“SMSS is the result of more than a decade of robotic technology development, and we welcome the opportunity to demonstrate this capability in theater, where it can have an immediate impact at the squad level,” said Scott Greene, vice president of ground vehicles in Lockheed Martin’s Missiles and Fire Control business. “The Army has tested the system’s capabilities in three domestic user assessments, and SMSS has been deemed ready to deploy.”

As part of the three-month Military Utility Assessment (MUA), four vehicles and a field service representative will support light infantry in theater as the service evaluates how autonomous vehicles can support or ease the equipment burden for deployed troops. A fifth vehicle and an engineering team will remain in the U.S. for analysis and additional support. The Army plans to begin the Afghanistan assessment late this year, after a period of evaluations and training.

  • blight

    MULE has finally arrived?

  • STemplar

    How much $ ?

  • Spanner

    One possible drawback: The SMSS gets taken out and all the gear goes with it.

    • FormerDirtDart

      How is that different from any other vehicle the Army uses? That’s like saying one drawback of a Bradley, Stryker, MRAP, HMMWV, or what ever, is that they get taken out you likely lose all the troops and equipment.

      • Jim Norcal

        If the robo jeep is by itself travelling along a pre-programmed path to supply a location 60 miles away, it is completely vulnerable that 60 miles as there’s no troops protecting the jeep or its cargo. If an IED stops it, its cargo is as good as gone. If a regular truck that is being driven by soldiers is hit, unless the soldiers are killed, that gear wills till be protected by armed troops.

    • blight

      The present alternative is carrying loads on everyone’s backs and travelling so slowly that a force cannot escape being caught by lighter, faster, enemies.

      • TMB

        Blight, if they tie up all their gear to this thing, where is it going to be when they’re fighting or patrolling? Someone has to keep an eye on this treasure trove of equipment. If it’s going to follow them, then it’ll make noise, someone has to drive it, and the unit will be afraid to separate themselves from it for fear of losing their equipment. What kind of mileage does this thing get? Will the team have to constantly refuel it? Will this vehicle increase the endurance of a patrol or will the patrol be a slave to its presence?

        • ajSpades

          You could always drop back to low tech solutions, like an actual living pack mule. I would love to see a cost vs risk analysis of using mules instead of jeeps.

          • SJE

            Exactly. Of course, defense contractors are not going to make money that way.

    • Jeff M

      This is one of those ideas that blows me away, so simple and so effective. Why didn’t this come along sooner? So now troops can step off a helo with 1000 lbs of gear in addition to what they’re carrying, extending their mission capacity by an order of magnitude with robotic support?

      “Pack up the coffee maker fellas”

      Now it needs to have a sat link and remote turrent and pilot. This is the beginning of a major game changing weapons platform. Mini unmanned tank.

      Great work.

      • Brian S

        Hmmm, you’re onto something.. They have systems that can triangulate gun fire.. So why not? I can see it now, a convoy of these things with remote turrets.. Just traveling on their own to their destination.. System picks up gunfire, notifies HQ immediately and auto uplinks with waiting drone operators halfway around the world.. Operator radios to check if it’s FF, gets clearance to engage.. Opens fire on targets, targets continue to attack.. Flips to Sync mode and take over two other trucks in the convoy and they join in attacking the targets by calculating their position relative to the main vehicle being controlled and the direction of the turret’s targeting reticle.. Wall of 50 cal and they all start running.

        • Brian S

          Hell, while they’re at it, a couple of them could be drone platforms in the convoy. Automated fueling stations for automated drones that continually patrol the convoy for hostiles, issue verbal warnings, spot and highlight targets.. So instead of taking over using a camera, since targets could be spotted and plotted directly on an interactive map using the drones, the operator that is notified, gets clearance, selects targets and hits ok.. The drones and trucks communicate to target and destroy the hostiles.. Bonus: drones with guns?

    • ewanm89

      That happens with the supply truck or supply aircraft too.

  • Alex

    So if they still use it in convoys how does one mount a convoy defence, yes there are remote operated turrets but eventualy they’ll have jamming, and I hear that the IFF code for drones on the ground still need work.
    comments?

  • Jayson

    Looks like the old Bombardier xterrain amphibian.

    Nice vehicle, carry more IED disarm equipment, roving cover. Load it with explosives and run it into an ambush and big boom in their midst.

    This has so much potential.

  • hsatpft

    These are much smaller than trucks or even pickups but have better off-road performance. Robotic convoys will transplant this tech into bigger vehicles. Remote operated turrets aren’t the future, they’re the present, like the the turret on the German Puma & CROWS on HMMWV & Strykers. Within a convoy, you can use jam-proof microwave beam or laser communications.

  • tribulationtime

    When I look thats. 1- Crosscountry? I mean looks like that have not more capability than a hummer and the latter its right now more cheap. 2- Can you put it inside a Bradley/MRAP/helicopter and then go “on foot”. 3 – How and where hide that while go in to clear a compound. 4 – Did not be a very obvious spot to shoot when soldiers get pinned down in an ambush scenary? and they are w/o their gear. Good try less weight load but this one haven´t tactical utility

  • Alex

    “it may be possible to use robo-trucks to resupply bases.” Correct me if i’m wrong but the way the last bit of the article reads is that it would be a complete robot convoy, no squishies involved. Which means that for anti-jamming turret contols you need line of sight, this might be possible if we have comm relay blimps overhead or satilites, but Afganistan is rather hilly which can block signals (an urban enviroment can block as well). So again no remote turret control, and we’re back to Johnny 5 in control and still with IFF issues.

    • ajSpades

      Yes, Afghanistan is hilly, but we also have dozens if not hundreds of ISR assets orbitting that at some point could be used for comm relays.
      Technological solutions for technological problems. Start thinking doctrine.

      • Alex

        Against the current threat it’s a good idea, but what happens when somebody takes out the comms with an EMP, yes I know that they’re “hardened” but but it will still play merry hell with the electronics. and it’s hard to harden tech against EMI.

  • Matt

    On the robotic convoy idea. Possible to have the supply trucks umanned w/ a couple of M1151s for security? Remote turrets (CROWS) are already in use. Make them wireless, mount them on the umanned FMTV. Soldiers in the M1151 control the turrets on the umanned vehicals… Minimizes soldiers exposed to danger in a convoy, while keeping the benifits of have real people for defence/reaction.

  • blight

    “The SMSS can either lock on to and follow the 3D profile of a soldier”

    So I guess that means we can do convoys by having a string of robotic vehicles follow a Bradley or a M1 from point A to point B? If you were crazy enough, one could hitch multiple robotic vehicles together to form a land train, and once connected simply connect them through fiberoptic lines to a a control vehicle that could operate multiple CROWS platforms. And by eliminating over-the-air remote control, it allows you to use EW systems with near impunity.

    • Jeff M

      Long train isn’t a crazy idea, especially if there are hydraulic actuators on the linkages, so that 2 or 3 in the chain could lift off the ground and bridge 50-foot gaps, like a long caterpillar.

    • SJE

      You wouldnt need to have any drivers. You could just have the entire squad remotely driven, with helo escort.

  • bobbymike

    Mount a mini gun on that beatch :)

  • Prodozul

    How fast does it go?

  • Old MSgt

    Cute, but TRACKS are best for off-road and this particular vehicle is ideally sized for band tracks of the sort already proven in use on construction and farming equipment. A tracked suspension is less complex and allows more internal hull space. Band track isn’t a PMCS horror.

    I understand it’s a tech demonstrator, but the low hull floor means it’s mostly for flat terrain. Reducing soldier load is a GOOD thing and that idea is HIGHLY commendable.

    Too bad the idea of airmobile firepower is dead. A tracked vehicle which can fit into a CH-47 is easy to do, and it could protect soldiers under armor AND carry their stuff AND carry an autocannon, a mortar, some Carl Gustavs, etc so our infantry wouldn’t be at parity with the enemy.

    Don’t bring little guns to a gunfight when you can bring big guns with less effort!

    • Riceball

      I think you may be on to something there, this thing would make for a great portable heavy weapons platform for the grunts. Instead of humping mortars of .50’s broken down you could just set them up on MULE and have it ready in an instant. You could really augment a heavy weapons platoon or company with a few of these mounted with mini-guns and some 20 or 25mm auto cannons for extra fire power.

    • PMI

      Possible Mike Sparks sighting…talk about old skool!

  • SJE

    The downside to this vehicle is that you still need to supply fuel and parts, and it cannot handle very narrow paths: i.e. it will have problems in the toughest parts of Afghanistan. If you are going well into the boonies of Afghanistan, why not use a pack animal? The SPECOPS that overthrew the Taliban used horses to get around. The Taliban and allies still use pack animals.

    Sure, mules etc are not perfect, and there are downsides. However, why do we have to go for the cool new technology if there is something already there to do the job?

  • SJE

    Regarding fuel: one of the biggest problems in Afghanistan is getting gasoline and avgas to all the military forces. The Pakistani’s block the roads at times, and the Taliban target the convoys. The supply lines are a crucial weakness that the Taliban exploit. The US ships in water from thousands of miles away, transports food and gasoline, while the taliban eats and drinks locally, uses mules that run on grass, and burn wood, dung, or whatever they find.

    • TMB

      I remember discussing the MULE with with some Marine grunts I worked with and when they saw the sales pitch the first thing they said was “Great, one more thing I have to keep fueled.” I don’t know about the Army’s official position on this thing, but most of the Marines I’ve talked to have said they’re trying to lighten their load and not add more toys to the inventory.

  • Jose

    Looks like they finally watched StarGate!

  • Barton

    Soon with the help of robots like this, drone aircraft and other robotics, the only casualties of war will be civilians. One giant step for mankind.

  • Piku Yost

    Why not load the SMSS with a large pack of Boston Dynamics “Big Dogs”, UAV’s and let more boys hand in the the rear with the–.. oh.. Gear moves itself now.. hmm.

  • Old Artillerly Guy

    Prompts me to quote Donald Sutherland’s line from “The Dirty Dozen” when he “fakes” an inspection of some airborne troops and comments….”Very pretty Colonel, but can they fight?” I echo “Bob’s” comment of yesterday….who decides to buy this stuff?

  • fireco52

    Your GPS antenna is going to get squashed when that thing rolls over

  • Elijah

    Kilroy was here.