Chinese Radar May Pierce F-35 Stealth Armor: Report


Increasingly sophisticated radar in China and Russia may soon be able to pierce the stealth armor on F-22 and F-35 fighter jets, according to a news report.

The stealth coating on the U.S.-made fifth-generation fighters shields the aircraft from high-frequency radars operating in the Ku, X and C bands and some of the S band, but not from low-frequency systems utilizing L, UHF and VHF wavelengths, according to an article by Dave Majumdar at USNI News.

China and Russia are now working to develop low-frequency radars with more computing power designed to track stealth aircraft with more precision — enough to target them with a missile, according to the report, citing an unnamed former senior U.S. Navy official.

“Acquisition and fire control radars are starting to creep down the frequency spectrum,” the official told USNI News. “I don’t see how you long survive in the world of 2020 or 2030 when dealing with these systems if you don’t have the lower frequency coverage.”

To be sure, the Defense Department is aware of the increasing sophistication of enemy air defenses, known in military parlance as anti-access, area-denial, or A2-AD, environments.

The Pentagon’s latest annual report to Congress on military and security developments in China notes the country is continuing its military build-up and views defense against stealth aircraft and drones as “a growing priority.”

The People’s Liberation Army, or PLA, has long sought to control the flow of information in the event of war to thwart data-hungry adversaries such as the U.S. It considers the strategy of “information dominance” a critical form of defense against countries that it views as “information dependent,” according to previous assessments.

Perhaps not surprisingly, the People’s Liberation Army Navy, or PLAN, sent an uninvited spy ship, probably the type 815 Dongdiao-class intelligence collection vessel Beijixing (pennant number 851), to this year’s Rim of the Pacific exercise, according to an article by Sam LaGrone of USNI News.

China is participating in the event — the world’s largest naval exercise, held off the coast of Hawaii — for the first time this year, with four vessels.

The head of U.S. Pacific Command, Adm. Samuel Locklear, this week described the presence of the surveillance ship as “a little odd,” though it “hasn’t created any difficulties in the exercise,” which ends Friday.

About the Author

Brendan McGarry
Brendan McGarry is the managing editor of He can be reached at Follow him on Twitter at @Brendan_McGarry.
  • iknow

    This report is probably about 5 years late.

    But hey, late is better than never.

    It will shine some light on the incredibly ignorant and ill-informed defense magazine writers (more like BSers) across the country.

  • lance

    Told many the Russians and Chinese have radars that make the much vaunted stealth fighter visible. Take the JSF w/o stealth its slower carries less and less maneuverable than the F-16 it was meant to replace. More of a reason we need to keep F-15s and F-22s who can be more maneuverable and can carry alot of missiles in service and cut this billion dollar mistake off.

  • xXTomcatXx

    I view this as good news. Your forcing the two largest adversarial countries in the world to spend money on developing new systems to counter yours. In effect they’re admitting that their current systems do not work against our current (arguable, I know) threats. The same systems which they’ve proliferated throughout the world to smaller adversaries. So while China and Russia will quickly (a few years) field a way to counter the F-35, it will be some time before smaller states can acquire similar systems. It’s the natural cycle of defense development. No system goes unchallenged. Hell, even the SR-71 was being countered by the Soviets after a while.

    • iknow

      LOL. There was an “emergency meeting” among high-ranking Pentagon officials and GW Bush’s cabinet members a few years BEFORE the F-22 had entered serial production. The meeting was called because China had demonstrated how a vastly cheaper radar set up can detect the F-22 and the B-2.

      What year was it?

      • xXTomcatXx

        LOL, you are so confused. This has nothing to do with detection. Every first world country in the world has lower frequency detection radars for early warning. This is being able to employ them as part of a fire control system. China’s currently deployed fire control systems operate in G-band. Which is part of the SHF band. Which is all well above UHF and VHF.

        Go read. Get a clue, and come back.

        • tiff

          Actually u r the one who needs to get a clue Tomcat. If things were as simple as you’ve naively postulated, there wouldn’t have a need to gather top dogs for a meeting in the first place

          The leverage is, in actuality, the exact opposite of what you mistakenly believed. Other countries can spend relatively small amount of money to neutralize the ultra expensive F-22 and F-35, which by the way are nowhere near real operational status.

          You’ve been reading too much false rumors and sub-sub-amateur gossip. You believe what u want to believe as a clueless cheerleader, but u can’t handle the truth. Don’t pretend that u know anything about other countries. Get the facts about local screwups first.

    • iknow

      Oh btw, China and Russia have already fielded counter-stealth radar networks for a number of years. They have even exported similar equipment to other countries … Iran, Vietnam, Malaysia,

    • Dfens

      The SR-71 wasn’t being countered very well by the Soviets. They never hit one with a missile not to the day it was retired. We’d be flying them over Ukraine right now if they were still in service.

      • Ben

        They never hit one because the SR-71 stopped violating soviet airspace after a M-31 got a solid lock on one in 1986. Had it done so, there were several occasions where the Migs would have shot them down.

        I’m a huge Blackbird fan, but it was too unsurvivable to operate towards the late 80’s. Here’s a good article illustrating the point:

      • xXTomcatXx

        “wasn’t being countered very well by the Soviets”???

        The Foxhound and the R-33 did and excellent job.

        • Dfens

          Yeah, I’ll get right on that.

        • IronV

          The MiG 31 did not present a credible threat to the SR-71. Your favorite blogger’s speculations and your exaggeration of those speculations notwithstanding, the SR-71 was retired for interagency political and budgetary reasons, period.

      • thatmrgguy

        One of our Auto-track radar crews tracked one across either Arizona or New Mexico in the late seventies. Crew of radar were admonished to never tell about it,( but you know how that goes.), and the air crew got yelled at for letting the radar track them.

        I don’t know for sure, but I would assume the SR-71 had radar jammers.

      • Stratege

        >The SR-71 wasn’t being countered very well by the Soviets. They never hit one with a missile not to the day it was retired.

        Myth. SA-5 (S-200) SAM was more than enough to counter the SR-71. Just compare the parameters of the SR-71 and S-200’s missile.
        Blackbird wasn’t hit by a SAM because it wasn’t used in operations deeply inside the Soviet air space.

    • ajspades

      One thing that should not be overlooked is that these radar and SAM systems are inherently defensive and tactical in nature, while air power is offensive and strategic. Meaning while potential adversaries spend money, manpower, time, & resources on a defensive technology, we continue to advance in offensive means.

    • oblatt22

      Sort of like when you buy a broken down Edsel to force the other guy to buy a Ferrari. And the other guy gets all the the girls and can pay for it with the interest on the loan you had to take for the Edsel.

      Yea I can see how that would work in losertown LOL

    • rtsy

      An arms race with China and Russia is NOT a good thing when they are the ones paying our bills and fueling the European portions of NATO forces.

      It is also a race China and Russia are WINNING. Not only are they spending less to counter our much more expensive abilities, they are both advancing in their respective spheres of influence while we are cleaning up after two lost wars.

  • Dfens

    Hell, you’d think stealth was the first improvement in military technology to come along ever. The sword existed before the gun. Should we go back to swords because now we have tanks and you can’t hurt a tank with a rifle?

    • Nick

      Yeah, because swords are sweet. Just ask Jack Churchill.

      • Jay

        Pfft. how ’bout bagpipes! they seemed to have worked during the D-day landings

  • Kole

    Low Frequency radars are notorious for emitting too much to hide. Any system with one will be jammed or shot at with HARMs. You might be able to see us, but we will see you too.

  • LetsLobRob

    Back to the drawing board.

    • LOL

      will need to talk to Chinese lenders and see how much the US government can borrow.

  • OriginalK

    Could it be that’s why the US has invested in small super stealthy drones? To loiter waiting for the anti-stealth radars to turn on in order to take them out first? Nah, the defense establishment are all just big stupids.

  • nick987654

    Upgrading the F-35 airframe for more low-frequency stealth may eventually be a good idea for the future. Maybe it could be possible to turn it into a tailless delta with the latest advancements in aerodynamics.

    The new variant could be common for the AF and Navy (except for the landing gear and arresting hook), which would reduce production costs. It would probably be much faster than the F-35C, which is a good thing.

    That new variant could be put in production after the F-35B production has finished, say around 2028.

    If it were possible, around half of the F-35s produced would be more stealthy and faster ( especially with a variable cycle engine) for the long term. For around 5 billion in development it could be a good deal if it were possible.

  • veester

    ‘Increasingly sophisticated radar in China and Russia may soon be able to pierce the stealth armor on F-22 and F-35 fighter jets, according to a news report.”

    Our solution:
    “China is participating in the event — the world’s largest naval exercise, held off the coast of Hawaii — for the first time this year, with four vessels.”

    The U.S. is naive if not ignorant of their intent. This is grade school logic.

  • Can I ask a question? Forgive me for this but I am very stupid and ignorant, but please waste some of your precious time helping me. So why is it that if stealth technology is so overrated and easy to counter China and Russia are spending billion in building a stealth aircraft 20 years after F-22’s first flight?

    • idontknow

      Where did you get the idea that China and Russia are spending billion in building a stealth aircraft 20 years after F-22’s first flight?

      • citanon

        J-20, J-31.

        • idontknow

          how much have they cost so far?

          when did they start developing those?

        • LOL

          that’s not exactly what’s being asked.

          read the question again

      • What about the T-50? Does the shape give you a hint? To me it looks like they are trying to build something stealth..ish.

    • Godzilla

      Stealth is not useless. But if you look at the Russian and Chinese designs they are taking aerobatic performance into account in the design to a much greater degree that what was done for the F-35. The Russians learned the lesson with the Mig-15 and Mig-25 which had crap maneuverability and were supposed to rely on missiles to hit the target. The success designs like the Mig-21 and Su-27 were a lot more agile. In the US more or less the same issue happened with the F-105 Thunderchiefs and F-111 in Vietnam and this led to 1980s designs like the F-15 and F-16 which had a lot more agility. It seems someone ‘forgot’ the lesson again.

      I know missiles are a lot better today but visual confirmation of a target is necessary more often than some people would like to admit.

    • hibeam

      You were correct about the value of my time so I have to assume your statements about your level of intelligence were also correct. Where were we going with this again?

    • xXTomcatXx

      Beautifully posted.

    • Charles

      Simple: because US radars are still built using super high-frequencies, which are great for targeting, unless you design stealth aircraft.

      Hence – we designed aircraft we have difficulty detecting. So are the Chinese and Soviets.

  • hibeam

    When the Chinese downloaded all of the details of the F-35 I was worried something like this might happen.

  • Big-Dean

    Here’s a consideration, sheer power can over any stealth a/c.

    Land based radar system has the advantage of potentially unlimited power output. You throw enough power out there and you can get a return on anything, then you can simply disable it with microwave bursts.

  • citanon

    Countering stealth with long wavelength radars is a pipe dream. Here’s why:

    UHF, VHF, and to a lesser extent, L band radars are better able to counter fighter shaped aircraft because they work at longer wavelengths. The intrinsic trade-off is that wavelength inversely proportional to frequency, so longer wavelength = lower frequency.

    When you go lower in frequency, you’re on a direct collision course with Moore’s law, because modern digital signal processing systems are so fast, that they can actually sample, fully deconvolute and actively cancel incoming radiowave via active means. This can effectively turn the aircraft invisible until it is so close to the radar that the reflected signal overwhelms the emitting power of the onboard EW systems.

    The X-band is not nearly as vulnerable because it’s about 10-100x as fast but the VHF, UHF, and L bands are now comparatively slow compared to modern equipment.

    Of course, no one in the public knows if the F-35 or the F-22 actually have such systems on board, but the Rafale does have such a system, and it was designed in the 80s and 90s. Since then, technology has advanced, so if Rafale’s systems can pose a challenge for radars, one could hardly imagine what modern systems can do.

    Stealth is not magical, but it is by no means easy to defeat. Not all elements of stealth are readily apparent from the shaping of the aircraft. Not all elements of stealth are passive. Those who say that EW is incompatible of being carried onboard stealth aircraft simply have ZERO understanding of EW. EW is ENHANCED by stealth.

    This is why both our adversaries and our allies are so desperate to develop stealth aircraft of their own. We would be fools to throw away our lead in this area.

  • hibeam

    In a shooting war I wonder how long big fat stationary high power radars are gonna last? Like about 2 seconds would be my guess.


    I think one of the Scandinavian countries (Finland or Sweden) did it by having a “node” network of radars working together. Not bigger, stronger radars. Just a few lines of central computer code. This is nothing new.

    We should stop with the F-35, while we’re behind(it will never be the modern F-4) and put this money into whoever Kelly Johnson’s modern day counterpart is an keep it in the black (as best as possible).

    • xXTomcatXx

      You mean strong emitting radars. Like the kind HARMs are fond of finding?

    • spidennis

      “and put this money into whoever Kelly Johnson’s modern day counterpart is an keep it in the black (as best as possible).”

      Maybe that’s what this whole F35 spiral out of control budget thing is all about? Funneling money into that dark hole? I mean really, how can you get money into a black project anyway? It’s magic, or the art of misdirection at work here? Everyone sees the big moves of the F35 focus but it hides the little move of the real work down the little black hole. Plus now the world thinks we have a turkey but they won’t see what it’s backed up with? Would make a good story line for a novel anyway ….

  • LOL

    Real or Fake story?

    F-22 shot down by China’s J-10 and both sides have kept tight lips over the incident. Pictures of the F-22 wreckage allegedly appeared on Chinese websites but were promptly removed, allegedly by internet monitors.

    The English is barely readable. No idea about the author and the translator. FWIW.

    • Ben

      They’d be parading it all over the news if it were true. The wreckage photo in the article was of the F-22 that crashed at Nellis on takeoff back before they were even operational.

  • XB-70

    They may be able to detect them but low frequency radar looks at a very small piece of sky and it is nearly impossible to get it to work with a fire control system. Oh and it picks up tones of clutter on the radar scope. So we should be good right now.

    • JJ Murray

      Actually low frequency radars are what are used for looking at LARGE areas of the sky. Things like the Tall King and Spoonrest radars which could pick up the F-117 are lower frequency radars.

  • captain obvious

    Do you all understand the course of war? You arent sending in a shit ton of JSF, bombers, and escorts on day 1 to go up against a fully functioning air defense system. Who gives a shit about what radars they have, it’ll be the primitive radars that are more easily hidden that will get chip shots on the jets. Just like during the Persian Gulf. Those S300 & S400 systems can detect stealth but not when they are risking being picked up by SIGINT and a rain of JSOW and HARMS is coming down to piss them off. Not to mention state of the art jamming technology that isnt released yet until that zero hour comes. Do you think we are ever going to show our ace in the hole when the time isnt right for it? Why display a technology so the enemy can start countering it? You all may fail to understand that this is also a public display to get arm chair commanders in debates about things will be irrelevant if we were ever to get into a conflict with china or russia.

  • hibeam

    Chinese Radar May Pierce F-35 Stealth Armor: In other news. F-35 Stealth Armor might defeat Chinese Radar. Stay tuned for more provocative headlines.

  • hibeam

    I know quite a bit about Radar so let me boil this down for you. We are making our aircraft harder to spot. The Chines are putting on coke bottle glasses and trying to spot us anyway. Don’t expect this contest to stop anytime soon.

  • Jerry

    The know-it-all comments following this article mostly seem to assume that Russia and China will eventually want to make war on the US. This is paranoia (and a trap set by defense-spending promoters). China, for ex., has one–yes, one–aircraft carrier, and that is a cast-off one bought used from France.

  • Beno

    Having a huge highly advanced Radar emplacement that MIGHT get a fix on F35 isnt really much good. Because you need to get that into the missle too. Otherwise your standard missle will just not see the plane and well… miss.

    LO ( low observability ) makes everything more difficult for an adversary on every level. It is not and never has been about some fictional 100% invisibility.

    But making it just that more difficult to get a lock and for any weapon to reliably hit. Whilst our weapons will lock and hit every time will make the ultimate difference.

    • JJ Murray

      Actually these don’t have to be huge systems and the highly advanced part really is just in the signal processing, not in the radar itself. Keep in mind that the F-117 was vulnerable to being picked up by lower frequency radars built in the 50s and 60s which didn’t even have that advanced signal processing. That’s because the stealth “equipment” (for lack of a better overall term) isn’t designed to work against these lower frequencies in the first place. Sort of like flares which are designed to work against seekers in a specific frequency range. They are either useless or much less effective against a seeker that does not operate in that range.
      That’s why you want to maintain an electronic warfare capability because it is a lot easier, faster, and cheaper to develop new jamming techniques than it is to change the entire stealth platform of a type/model/series that runs over $300M apiece for the USMC B model.

  • JJ Murray

    THIS is why you don’t get rid of your EW assets. The Marines plan on dumping the Prowler by 2019 and replacing the majority of their aircraft with F-35s which by the time they REALLY show up will most likely already be vulnerable. So you’ll have spent over $300 Million a copy to have fewer aircraft on the flight line that wind up being just as vulnerable to SAMs as the AV-8s and F/A-18s they replaced but now you won’t have any aircraft to provide them electronic coverage. And SOMEONE in leadership thinks this is a smart idea.

    • Jay Gibbs

      You’ve heard of the EA-18, right?

  • TonyC.

    The point of the story is to say that stealth is effective against current air defense radar bands, but can be detected with lower frequencies. The WWII radars started at the lower frequencies, but had range problems. The indicates that stealth will still be a valuable asset even if it can be detected at some range (giving the enemy air defenses alot less time to react). The sophistication of air defenses will give rise to strike drones to deal with them prior to any manned aircraft entering the area.

  • Tom

    Anyone who thinks that stealth is the main asset of the F-35 is mistaken in my opinion. It’s AESA is it’s main asset, not just as a detection tool but also for ESM, ECM, and electronic attack … stealth only helps it do its job better by being harder to detect by radar, not invisible. It means that the opponents radar is going to have to work a lot harder, making it easier to destroy, damage, manipulate, or disable that radar.

  • Muttling

    We’ve known for decades that stealth is weak against low frequency radars and that Russia/China/North Korea/etc have always been running low frequency radars. This is decades old news.

    The F-35 and F-22 aren’t “stealth” they are low observable and more difficult to spot, but they can be spotted.

  • hibeam

    We need to get to work on a jet so stealthy the Chinese can not download all of the design files.

  • Michael Shatto

    Easy if you can get the specifications off the internet or hack the manufacturer’s and Pentagon computers for it.
    Of course, the conspiracy crowd think this is “Military-Industrial Complex” propaganda to get funding for the next generation of stealth airplanes.

  • dennis

    Oh yeah! It was going to stop radar insignia, and the costs were going to be well worth it, they said. What a big waste!

  • dan

    This is what happens when it takes 20+ years to field a new weapon. Gives them plenty of time to come up with a counter to it.

  • NRO

    The low frequency transmitters are located hundreds of miles away from targets. The low frequency radar receivers are located near the target. The materials and coatings of stealth cannot easily deflect or absorb the low frequency signals. On the other hand, these low frequency radar transmitters use extremely high power and large antennas — a radar transmitter unit would be large and not easy to hide.

  • JohnD

    Trillions spent on this F-35 turkey and the designers missed this one?? Now the AF wants the Millennium Falcon as their next aircraft!! These guys need to fight the next war tomorrow, not in 10 years!!

    • The one armed man

      Um…no. The program is expected to cost 1.1 trillion over 55 years. And why are you so sure the designers missed this one?

  • oblatt22

    It clear that the F-35 will not be an internationally competitive aircraft. But that doesn’t matter. As the US moves into its post superpower role its military doesn’t need to be internationally competitive anymore.

    Contractors have adjusted to this fact by realizing that the competitor to the F-35 is not the euro-fighter the T-50 the Su-35 or the J-20 its the super hornet and the F-15.

    • The one armed man

      I noticed the F-35 keeps winning competitions, and the SH and the F-15 aren’t selling well. Like it or not the F-35 is internationally competitive. Even Singapore, Finland, and Poland have shown interest, and as the price drops, orders will come in.

      • Chris

        As the price drops you said …. !!!!!

  • rogelio

    Most likely the US itself was the one who fed this countries how to track their stealth features. In a first place whom they are doing their stealth business? Don’t be cheap!!!.. Those classified information should ONLY be done here inside USA and for exclusivity.
    Any product once it was sent to China for manufacturing – that’s it!!! DONE DEAL.

  • Koba

    Czech Republic has “radar”, able to pierce any stealth airplane since late 80ties. It was called “TAMARA” and it was a passive receiver – i.e. cannot be hit by anti-radar missile. Now the third generation is available. Unfortunately nobody from NATO or DARPA had interest. See:

    • Chris

      Very good remark, we did experiments with a Tamara system back in the 80’s , and we were impressed by the quality of detection and of tracking. It has definitely a very big potential system, even if fully passive. As they must have integrated more advanced signal and information processing I am concerned about the potential of these fully passive systems when coupled with anti-aircraft defense systems… big pb for Fxx whatever they are!
      Do not forget that you are using all type of emitters of opportunity, with the possibility to create your own emitters when necessary. Very smart approach !!!

  • S O

    I’d like to stop the ‘HARM can deal with it’ assumptions here.

    AGM-88 HARM is reputed to cover 0.5-20 GHz. 0.5 GHz ~ 1.5 mm up to 60 cm

    In other words; HARM could not engage the English Chain Home radar stations of 1940 Battle of Britain fame (12 m wavelength) or Germany’s counterpart, the Seetakt radar (81 cm wavelength).

    Such extremely long wavelengths allow detection of LO/VLO aircraft, and this is the reason why A-12 and some other ‘stealth’ aircraft designs used a flying wing delta (trianguar) layout; maximization of the wavelength to which the design is susceptible.

    The long wavelengths also make it difficult to use small receiver or transmitter antennas – hence the difficulty to create an ARM or AAM seeker that fits.

    These long wavelengths are not only difficult to use (bulky antenna), but they also don’t give very accurate info on detected objects.

    As a result, these radars tend to serve as early warning devices only, and other radars or IR sensors can then be focused on the spot where something was detected, increasing their odds of detecting and locking on something very much.

    Stealth/VLO/LO in aircraft and ships is still going to make life hard for radar missile seeker development. That’s part of why we keep hearing more and more about IR sensors in anti-aircraft missiles. The Russians with their dual R-27 seeker strategy and the French with theirs for MICA did what they did for a reason or two.

    • Jay Gibbs

      What you say about HARM may be true, but that doesn’t make the system invulnerable to GPS/INS and TV/DSMAC-guided weapons, like the JSOW, JASSM, SLAM-ER, Tomahawk, etc. The newest ARM in the US inventory, the AGM-88E, also has a GPS/INS guidance package, in addition to man-in-the-loop midcourse updates.

      Whether the HARM gets it, or the JASSM- if it radiates, it will be detected and targeted for a missile strike.

  • Kostas

    Let’s suppose that there is a way to detect the LO planes from a distance with a low frequency radar. How are you going to engage these targets? You cannot fit a low frequency radar on a missile. Moreover the future of IR missiles is questionable given the vullnerability of its sensors to DIRCM/directed energy weapons, like the ones under development for F35.

  • And this is why the Russians and the Chinese are trying to duplicate US stealth technology.

    I bet their radar is about a sophisticated as my old Nintendo.

    • S O

      It’s rather the other way around. The F-22 uses a 1990’s CPU:

      The newer aircraft designs use newer hardware. It’s arrogance to believe foreigners who create a competing product years later would create an inferior product.

    • biens

      hung_whale, you ve just hung yourself.

      you did it well though.

  • stpaulchuck

    the F-35 is another overpriced white elephant

    • Peter

      Thank Jack Murtha and the congress for this albatross. It might a good idea with thHagel and this President to be able to fire white flags.

    • biens

      Calling the F-35 “overpriced white elephant” sounds like a compliment, considering the piece of junk is virtually useless.

  • jjschwartz

    Who cares? The F-35 is a piece of expensive junk anyhow. Still wonder how the American taxpayer got saddled with that POS that is incapable of doing almost anything.

  • Brian B. Mulholland

    One of the posts above made reference to cost control of the FA/XX by design discipline.
    That implies that DoD can forgo an institutional habit of constantly tweaking the specs, and trying to incorporate each new possible technology as it comes within reach (or appears to.) I can believe that engineers can do anything, but I can’t believe that the institutional culture of DoD can change that much.

  • Mark, E8 Ret

    weelllllll, if the enemy didn’t know what to pursue between this guy and the press publishing it….

    Guess they never heard of loose lips sin ships.

  • me_to

    Stealth is only a method to DELAY detection, to try to make the time between spotting a jet and acting against it as short as possible…

  • Steve Dixon

    I seem to remember another Aircraft with an extended gestation period back in the 60’s that attracted IMMENSE criticism from all and sundry. Too heavy, wings fall off, can’t manouvre, not designed for the job it was to do etc. That aircraft turned out to be The AMAZING F-111 – the fastest bomb-truck at low level in the world. Nothing could catch it when it was down in the mud – NOTHING!! Not bad for an airframe originally intended as a Carrier-borne launch platform for the AIM54 Pheonix.
    The F-111’s initial performance, reliability wise, was dreadful BUT when it came into service and the bugs were sorted it turned out to be a WONDERFUL weapon of war.
    My point is that the days of designing, testing and getting into service a warplane in under 6 months (P-51 Mustang) are OVER and the F-35 family will no-doubt end up being the standard by which future warplanes will be judged. I also think Australia will eventually buy/lease the F-35B’s for the new Flat-tops (eventually). :-)

  • nubwaxer

    the f-35 and f-22 are only 2 of the wasteful defense contractor welfare programs. drones have made manned aircraft obsolete. americans are now anti war because of the total cost associated with wars of choice and resulting in mostly unintended negative ends.
    we should provide kurds and others all that military gear that went to police forces across the country. we don’t need much more than WWII surplus to fight the jihadis we created.